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Archive for the ‘Mill Site Clean Up’ Category

Laurel Krause, MendoCoastCurrent, September 10, 2011 ~ 9/10/11

PRESIDENT OBAMA promised on October 27, 2007: “I will promise you this, that if we have not gotten our troops out by the time I am President, it is the FIRST THING I will do. I will get our troops home. We will bring an end to this war. You can take that to the bank.”

On Peace

President Obama has been in office for 32 months and there are still 45,000 troops in Iraq and 100,000+ troops in Afghanistan.

When we voted for Obama we expected our future President to keep his word, not involve us in FOUR MORE WARS!

PRESIDENT OBAMA: You’re ON NOTICE ~ Next election Americans will come out in great numbers to vote for a peace-focused presidential candidate that will keep his word.

On Commercial-scale Renewable Energy

We felt validated that we voted for Obama when early in his presidency our President pledged to begin to develop safe, sustainable and renewable energy. We saw it as an excellent way to put the American workforce ‘back to work’ and begin to build a renewable energy future for America. Since then NOT ONE significant renewable or sustainable energy project has been created nor backed by the federal government. If there is one, please name it! The validation we felt back then has expired long ago into distrust and disrespect.

On the BP Gulf Oil Leak

Mostly based on watching our President minimize and shield his eyes (along with Energy Sec Chu) as the BP Oil Leak continues to leak and spew oil into the Gulf of Mexico, to this day. We are beyond disappointed that no significant or innovative remedial (as in clean up) action has been taken in the Gulf or poisoned coastal areas.

On Fukushima & Nuclear Reactors

Then we were shocked when our President in his address to the nation, moments after Fukushima went into melt-through in March 2011, disbelieving our President’s pledge of allegiance to more, new nuclear development in America. Except for President Obama’s corporate backers, the rest of us DO NOT WANT MORE NUCLEAR ENERGY REACTORS in the U.S. We demand our President begin to close down all U.S. nuclear reactors now, also a position very far from our President’s nuclear energy corporate BFF’s.

THE NATIVES ARE BECOMING RESTLESS MR. PRESIDENT!

PUT AMERICA BACK ON THE RIGHT TRACK

STEP 1) Immediately BRING ALL TROOPS HOME to be re-deployed in cleaning up the affected areas, as in making whole again, at the on-going BP Oil Leak in the Gulf of Mexico.

STEP 1-A ~ Fire & replace Energy Secretary Chu with a qualified, earth-friendly, safe renewable energy visionary.

STEP 2) Segment a significant portion of your new Jobs Bill towards sustainable and renewable energy R&D to create a VISION & PLAN FOR AMERICA to become the world leader in these new, safe technologies.

STEP 2-A ~ Consider and fund Mendocino Energy, a fast-tracked commercial-scale renewal/sustainable energy thinktank to get started TODAY. Learn more about Mendocino Energy ~ http://bit.ly/t7ov1

Mr President, let us live in peace on a healthy planet.

JOIN US, JOIN IN at the Peaceful Party: http://on.fb.me/hBvNE3

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MendoCoastCurrent, March 14, 2011

Dear President Obama,

Continuing to hear comments that you, your administration and your cabinet members consider nuclear power as a clean, renewable solution is most alarming.

Mr. President, let’s consider the nuclear event occurring in Japan right now and learn the simple truth that any safe renewable energy portfolio DOES NOT include nuclear energy.

The ramifications of the current Japanese nuclear trauma will be felt worldwide as will the fall-out, for months and possibly years to come.

Mr. President, I strongly encourage your team to change course, hit the ground running in alternative, renewable and sustainable energy r&d right now.

Here’s a solution that may be started TODAY ~ http://bit.ly/t7ov1

I call it Mendocino Energy and am not attached to the name, yet very passionate about this important safe, renewable energy development concept. Time has come for us to get rolling!

Mendocino Energy ~ At this core energy technology incubator, energy policy is created as renewable energy technologies and science move swiftly from white boards and white papers to testing, refinement and implementation.

The Vision

Mendocino Energy is located on the Mendocino coast, three plus hours north of San Francisco, Silicon Valley. On the waterfront of Fort Bragg, utilizing a portion of the now-defunct Georgia-Pacific Mill Site to innovate in best practices, cost-efficient, safe renewable and sustainable energy development – wind, wave, solar, bioremediation, green-ag/algae, smart grid and grid technologies, et al.

The process is collaborative in creating, identifying and engineering optimum, commercial-scale, sustainable, renewable energy solutions with acumen.

Start-ups, utility companies, universities (e.g. Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford), EPRI, the federal government (FERC, DOE, DOI) and the world’s greatest minds gathering at this fast-tracked, unique coming-together of a green work force and the U.S. government, creating responsible, safe renewable energy technologies to quickly identify best commercialization candidates and build-outs.

The campus is quickly constructed on healthy areas of the Mill Site as in the past, this waterfront, 400+ acre industry created contaminated areas where mushroom bioremediation is underway.

Determining best sitings for projects in solar thermal, wind turbines and mills, algae farming, bioremediation; taking the important first steps towards establishing U.S. leadership in renewable energy and the global green economy.

With deep concern & hope,

Laurel Krause

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MendoCoastCurrent, January 17, 2009

Here’s the post from MendoCoastCurrent in the Citizen’s Briefing Book at President-elect Barack Obama’s change.gov site:

Renewable Energy Development (RED) federal task force

Immediately establish and staff a Renewable Energy Development (RED) federal task force chartered with exploring and fast-tracking the development, exploration and commercialization of environmentally-sensitive renewable energy solutions in solar, wind, wave, green-ag, et al.

At this ‘world-class incubator,’ federal energy policy development is created as cutting-edge technologies and science move swiftly from white boards and white papers to testing to refinement and implementation.

∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞

If you wish to support this, please vote up this post at :

Renewable Energy Development (RED) federal task force.

∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞

Mendocino Energy:

Renewable energy incubator and campus on the Mendocino coast exploring nascent and organic technology solutions in wind, wave, solar, green-ag, bioremediation and coastal energy, located on the 400+ acre waterfront G-P Mill site.

Mendocino Energy may be a Campus in Obama’s Renewable Energy Development (RED) federal task force.

Vision:

Mendocino Energy is located on the Mendocino coast, three plus hours north of San Francisco/Silicon Valley.  On the waterfront of Fort Bragg, a portion of the now-defunct Georgia-Pacific Mill Site shall be used for exploring best practices, cost-efficient, environmentally-sensitive renewable and sustainable energy development – wind, wave, solar, bioremediation, green-ag, among many others. The end goal is to identify and engineer optimum, commercial-scale, sustainable, renewable energy solutions.

Start-ups, universities (e.g., Stanford’s newly-funded energy institute), the federal government (RED) and the world’s greatest minds working together to create, collaborate, compete and participate in this fast-tracked exploration.

The campus is quickly constructed of green, temp-portable structures (also a green technology) on the healthiest areas of the Mill Site as in the past, this waterfront, 400+ acre created contaminated areas where mushroom bioremediation is currently being tested (one more sustainable technology requiring exploration). So, readying the site and determining best sites for solar thermal, wind turbines and mills, wave energy, etc.

To learn more about these technologies, especially wave energy, RSS MendoCoastCurrent.

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Publishers Note: Koch Industries became the nation’s largest privately held company in November 2005, when it acquired the paper maker Georgia-Pacific for $13.2 billion. This article is of interest to MendoCoastCurrent readers as a very large, abandoned, George-Pacific Mill Site is situated on the waterfront of Fort Bragg, CA on the Mendocino coast.

ROBIN POGREBIN, The New York Times, July 10, 2008

In years to come, when the oil-and-gas billionaire David H. Koch attends a gala performance of New York City Ballet or City Opera at Lincoln Center, the building he enters in black tie will bear his name.

Mr. Koch, recently called the wealthiest resident of New York City, has agreed to contribute $100 million toward the renovation of the New York State Theater, which is home to the two companies. His gift will be the largest private capital donation in Lincoln Center’s history and a triumph in a period of growing economic uncertainty.

“They seem to like me there, and I like them, so I think we’ve got a deal,” Mr. Koch, 68, said in a telephone interview on Wednesday from Boston, where he was traveling. “Its obvious that this theater needs modernization.”

“I’ve been going to the New York State Theater for 40 years,” he said. “I can assure you, I would not make a gift of this magnitude unless I was absolutely convinced that the quality of the work was world class.”

Starting this fall the building will be known as the David H. Koch Theater. The change will become the second planned renaming of a New York institution for a major donor in just four months; in March the New York Public Library announced that it would name its main building after the Wall Street financier Stephen A. Schwarzman in return for a $100 million gift.

With an estimated net worth of $17 billion, Mr. Koch (pronounced coke) ranks 10th on Forbes’s list of the nation’s wealthiest and 37th on its list of the world’s wealthiest. Based on that estimate the $100 million gift amounts to half of 1% of his wealth.

Reynold Levy, president of Lincoln Center, described Mr. Koch’s donation as “a very important statement about the importance and the future of performing arts in this country.” He added, “This gift puts the performing arts in another league of fund-raising and helps to elevate our expectations and gives us all a tremendous vote of confidence.”

Susan L. Baker, chairwoman of New York City Opera, said there was no internal opposition to the name change. “Sometimes there are ideas that are so good and right that they just don’t have a lot of resistance,” she said. “We all realize the value of this terrific opportunity.”

A name change was approved by the New York State Legislature in April. The theater belonged to the state until 1965, when it was turned over to the city.

Constructed at a cost of $19.3 million, the State Theater opened on April 23, 1964, at Columbus Avenue at 63rd Street, on the south end of the Lincoln Center complex. It was the second performing-arts building to open after Philharmonic Hall, now Avery Fisher Hall.

Mr. Koch will donate the money over 10 years, with an initial $15 million payment this summer, a $10 million annual payment for eight years and a final $5 million installment.

Under the arrangement the theater could be renamed for a new donor after 50 years, with members of the Koch family retaining the right of first refusal. “A naming opportunity should be a defined length of time to allow the institution to regenerate itself with another round of major fund-raising,” Mr. Koch said.

His donation is the lead gift in a $200 million capital campaign to enhance and update the auditorium and audience amenities of the theater.

As the first such joint undertaking of the opera and ballet, the fund-raising effort reflects progress in what has been a historically strained relationship between the companies.

“We are all working together,” Ken Tabachnick, general manager of New York City Ballet, said. “We are intimately in discussion on every part of this renovation.”

Sharing the hall hasn’t been easy. The stage was designed at the behest of George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein, the dance company’s founders, to muffle dancers’ footfalls. The muted sound diminishes the opera’s acoustics, which music buffs agree need improvement despite several modifications over the decades, including amplification.

For years City Opera had tried unsuccessfully to find its own home, seeking at one point to secure the performing-arts space at the World Trade Center site and later the former American Red Cross site near Lincoln Center.

Finally, with the appointment of Gerold Mortier as the future general and artistic director in March 2007, City Opera decided to remain at the State Theater after he made a strong case for staying put.

The State Theater will go dark for renovations during City Opera’s 2008-9 season, but construction will be periodically suspended so the ballet can proceed with its lucrative holiday “Nutcracker” and then its winter and spring seasons.

The first phase of renovation, budgeted for $50 million and already under way with a completion goal of fall 2009, involves new seats and carpets, an enlarged orchestra pit with a mechanical lift, a new stage lighting system and new audiovisual and media equipment. The original Philip Johnson design for the building will be maintained.

The first phase is being financed through a mix of private and public sources. The remaining $150 million will go toward a hoped-for second phase that could include upgrading the lobby, dressing rooms and other spaces, and would bolster support for the endowment.

The city is expected to contribute to the project. Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts Inc. is exploring how much of the money raised it will match. For other constituent groups like the Film Society of Lincoln Center and Lincoln Center Theater, Lincoln Center has matched 20% of the first $25 million raised and 15% of everything over that amount.

Mr. Koch is an executive vice president and a board member of Koch Industries, based in Wichita, Kan., and owns a diverse group of companies with more than $100 billion in revenues and 80,000 employees in nearly 60 countries. The companies’ brands include Stainmaster carpet, Lycra spandex, Quilted Northern tissue and Dixie cups and tabletop products.

Koch Industries, founded in 1927 by Mr. Koch’s father, Fred, with a fleet of oil-delivery trucks, became the nation’s largest privately held company in November 2005, when it acquired the paper maker Georgia-Pacific for $13.2 billion.

Born in Wichita, Mr. Koch earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in chemical engineering at MIT, to which he donated $100 million for cancer research in October.

Other charitable donations have included $20 million to the American Museum of Natural History in 2006 for the David H. Koch Dinosaur Wing. That same year he promised $20 million to John Hopkins University’s medical campus in Baltimore, a gift that resulted in the new David H. Koch Cancer Research Building.

Mr. Koch also serves as the board chairman and chief executive of the Koch Chemical Technology Group, a wholly owned subsidiary of Koch Industries, and on more than 20 nonprofit boards, including those of American Ballet Theatre, the American Museum of Natural History and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.

Mr. Koch’s home in Aspen, Colo., famous for its New Year’s Eve parties in his bachelor days, boasts trophies from big-game hunts with his father in Botswana and Mozambique. A pair of 130-pound Ugandan elephant tusks frames the dining room. He and his wife, Julia, have three children.

Mr. Koch, a major contributor to the Republican Party and supporter of conservative causes, was the vice presidential candidate on the Libertarian ticket in 1980. In 2003 he helped establish the nonprofit Americans for Prosperity Foundation, which supports free-market policies and promotes government spending limits. It split off from an earlier Koch-backed enterprise, now called FreedomWorks, which promotes similar goals.

In recent years Mr. and Mrs. Koch have become fixtures on the New York social circuit. They were honored at the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s annual corporate benefit, at the Food Allergy Ball in 2005 and at the American Museum of Natural History in 2006.

His taste in real estate made news in 2006 when, seeking more space for his family, Mr. Koch sold his apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue, once owned by Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and moved to 740 Park Avenue, home to business titans like Ronald S. Lauder and Mr. Schwarzman.

Mr. Koch said that he considered Mr. Schwarzman’s gift to the library an inspiration. “I admire people like that immensely — who have great wealth but are generous in terms of supporting worthy causes,” he said.

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ANNIE CORREAL, The New York Times, April 27, 2008

FORT BRAGG, Calif. — On a warm April evening, 90 people crowded into the cafeteria of Redwood Elementary School here to meet with representatives of the State Department of Toxic Substances Control.

The substance at issue was dioxin, a pollutant that infests the site of a former lumber mill in this town 130 miles north of San Francisco. And the method of cleanup being proposed was a novel one: mushrooms.

Mushrooms have been used in the cleaning up of oil spills, a process called bioremediation, but they have not been used to treat dioxin.

“I am going to make a heretical suggestion,” said Debra Scott, who works at a health food collective and has lived in the area for more than two decades, to whoops and cheers. “We could be the pilot study.”

Fort Bragg is in Mendocino County, a stretch of coast known for its grand seascapes, organic wineries and trailblazing politics: the county was the first in the nation to legalize medical marijuana and to ban genetically modified crops and animals.

Fort Bragg, population 7,000, never fit in here. Home to the country’s second-largest redwood mill for over a century, it was a working man’s town where the only wine tasting was at a row of smoky taverns. But change has come since the mill closed in 2002.

The town already has a Fair Trade coffee company and a raw food cooking school. The City Council is considering a ban on plastic grocery bags. And with the push for mushrooms, the town seems to have officially exchanged its grit for green.

The mill, owned by Georgia-Pacific, took up 420 acres, a space roughly half the size of Central Park, between downtown Fort Bragg and the Pacific Ocean. Among several toxic hot spots discovered here were five plots of soil with high levels of dioxin that Georgia-Pacific says were ash piles from 2001-2, when the mill burned wood from Bay Area landfills to create power and sell it to Pacific Gas & Electric.

Debate remains about how toxic dioxin is to humans, but the Department of Toxic Substances Control says there is no safe level of exposure.

Kimi Klein, a human health toxicologist with the department, said that although the dioxin on the mill site was not the most toxic dioxin out there, there was “very good evidence” that chronic exposure to dioxin caused cancer and “it is our policy to say if any chemical causes cancer there is no safe level.”

Fort Bragg must clean the dioxin-contaminated coastline this year or risk losing a $4.2 million grant from the California Coastal Conservancy for a coastal trail. Its options: haul the soil in a thousand truckloads to a landfill about 200 miles away, or bury it on site in a plastic-lined, 1.3-acre landfill.

Alarmed by the ultimatum, residents called in Paul E. Stamets, author of “Mycelium Running: How Mushrooms Can Help Save the World.”

Typically, contaminated soil is hauled off, buried or burned. Using the mushroom method, Mr. Stamets said, it is put in plots, strewn with straw and left alone with mushroom spawn. The spawn release a fine, threadlike web called mycelium that secretes enzymes “like little Pac-Mans that break down molecular bonds,” Mr. Stamets said. And presto: toxins fall apart.

In January, Mr. Stamets came down from Fungi Perfecti, his mushroom farm in Olympia, Wash. He walked the three-mile coastline at the site, winding around rocky coves on wind-swept bluffs where grass has grown over an airstrip but barely conceals the ash piles. It was “one of the most beautiful places in the world, hands down,” he said.

Quick to caution against easy remedies — “I am not a panacea for all their problems” — he said he had hope for cleaning up dioxin and other hazardous substances on the site. “The less recalcitrant toxins could be broken down within 10 years.”

At least two dioxin-degrading species of mushroom indigenous to the Northern California coast could work, he said: turkey tail and oyster mushrooms. Turkey tails have ruffled edges and are made into medicinal tea. Oyster mushrooms have domed tops and are frequently found in Asian food.

Local mushroom enthusiasts envision the site as a global center for the study of bioremediation that could even export fungi to other polluted communities.

“Eventually, it could be covered in mushrooms,” said Antonio Wuttke, who lives in neighboring Mendocino and describes his occupation as environmental landscape designer, over a cup of organic Sumatra at the Headlands Coffeehouse.

The proposal is not without critics, however.

“There still needs to be further testing on whether it works on dioxin,” said Edgardo R. Gillera, a hazardous substances scientist for the State Department of Toxic Substances Control. “There has only been a handful of tests, in labs and field studies on a much smaller scale. I need to see more studies on a larger scale to consider it a viable option.”

On April 14, at a packed City Council meeting, an environmental consultant hired by the city voiced skepticism, citing a study finding that mushrooms reduced dioxins by only 50 percent. Jonathan Shepard, a soccer coach, stood up and asked: “Why ‘only’? I think we should rephrase that. I think we should give thanks and praise to a merciful God that provided a mushroom that eats the worst possible toxin that man can create.”

Jim Tarbell, an author and something of a sociologist of the Mendocino Coast, said the enthusiasm for bioremediation showed a change in the culture at large.

“We are trying to move from the extraction economy to the restoration economy,” Mr. Tarbell said. “I think that’s a choice that a broad cross-section of the country is going to have to look at.”

At the April 14 meeting, Georgia-Pacific promised to finance a pilot project. Roger J. Hilarides, who manages cleanups for the company, offered the city at least one 10-cubic-yard bin of dioxin-laced soil and a 5-year lease on the site’s greenhouse and drying sheds for mushroom testing. And the City Council said it would approve the landfill but only if it came with bioremediation experiments.

So, sometime later this year, Mr. Stamets is scheduled to begin testing a dump truck’s load of dioxin-laced dirt in Fort Bragg.

“One bin. Ten cubic yards. That’s a beginning,” said Dave Turner, a Council member. “I have hope — I wouldn’t bet my house on it — but I have a hope we can bioremediate this.”

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TONY REED, The Fort Bragg Advocate News, February 27, 2008

The Fort Bragg City Council, also convened as the Redevelopment Agency Monday, heard and commented on some interesting information regarding the possibility of burying contaminated soil on the Georgia Pacific mill site.

Few were present at the regular Town Hall meeting, to hear City environmental consultant Glenn Young, principal geologist of Fugro West Environmental describe exactly how much contaminated soil would have to be cleaned up.

City Manager Linda Ruffing introduced the topic, saying the item was brought forth to be an early opportunity for discussion of how to handle contaminated soils from the coastal trail and parkland areas. The coastal trail is a 100-foot wide strip running along the entire coastline of the G-P mill site. She said one alternative is to consolidate the materials onsite and “cap” them as a long-term means of cleanup.

She said the remedial action plan, a document that dictates how the site will be cleaned, will be released in mid-March, but a preliminary draft is available for review on the department’s Envirostore Website.

At a meeting with the council in November, Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) officials said they would favor capping contaminated soils onsite.

“Once the Remedial Action Plan is formally released for public review by DTSC, there is a 30-day public review period,” Ruffing said. “It’s during that period that the [Redevelopment] Agency will be providing its comment, as well, as to the acceptability of the proposed remedial actions.”

Young opened by discussing the process and contaminants found on the coastal trail area, referred to as Operable Unit A (OU-A).

He said a screening process was used to determine the amount of risk contaminants pose, to humans, animals, plants and personnel involved in future trail construction.

He said based on the information, seven areas were determined to need cleanup. Young said lead, polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins were found on the site. He said any cleanup operations would be done in a way to protect humans, plants and animals.

Showing a map of the location, Young noted that the consolidation area is located just west of the mill’s nursery. The nursery area is across Highway 1 from Safeway.

Young explained a state requirement that several cleanup alternatives must be examined. While a “no action” alternative is not feasible for the site, Young said it had to be evaluated anyway. Also examined were deed restrictions that would limit certain areas’ future uses so as not to disturb buried contaminants, and the concept of taking the materials offsite.

“The recommended alternative is a combination of removing some of the material, as well as consolidation,” he said. “The materials that would be removed would be those impacted with lead and with PCBs. The soils impacted by dioxin would be those consolidated onsite.”

Where and How Much

Lead was located in an area at the mill’s north end, which was formerly used as a scrapyard and onshore dump, referred to as Glass Beach 2. The area contained lead concentrations of up to 790 parts per million, over a 30 by 60 foot area, ranging to 2 feet in depth. Young said the affected soils totaled 140 cubic yards and would equal six to 10 truckloads to be hauled at a cost of about $43,000.

“From a practical standpoint, that would be a fairly straightforward and easy remedy for that material and that is the preferred alternative,” he said.

Polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs) were found in a scrapyard site, and measured a magnitude of 27.9 parts per million, over an area of 150 by 200 feet, ranging in depth up to 1 foot and amounting to 990 cubic yards. About 55 to 65 truckloads of contaminated soil would be taken to a landfill at a cost of about $220,000.

Dioxins were found in several locations, ranging from a foot below the surface to 5 feet. He said dioxin levels range from 130 parts per trillion in one area to 316 parts per trillion in another. All affected areas contain an estimated 13,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil, he said.

Young explained that consolidating the soils in one location for capping would cost G-P about $1.5 million, while trucking it offsite would cost about $2.5 million.

Council member Dan Gjerde later argued that while the cost savings to G-P was considered, no information was provided about the better alternative for the citizens of Fort Bragg.

Young noted that factors such as underground water tables have to be considered when burying contaminated soils. In the proposed cap area, Young said the depth to a water table is about 12 feet, while the capping would require digging 6 feet. He said the excavated pit would also have a plastic liner on the bottom, with a fabric layer on top. He said that above the buried materials would be marker beds, a layer that would alert anyone who digs there that they are excavating into buried hazardous materials. A foot of clean soil and a cover of vegetation are typical. Young said since the future use of the area has not been determined, a vegetative cover makes the most sense to prevent erosion while being aesthetically pleasing.

Young noted that for any action a host of permits will be needed, along with approved dust control, trucking and cleanup plans.

He said the proposed capping area comes to nine acres, when only one and a half should be needed to bury materials from OU-A. He said samples would be taken during excavation of contaminated areas, and if the affected area is greater than anticipated, those soils would also be consolidated into the cap area.

“Having an area larger than what’s initially planned on is certainly advantageous, he said. “I don’t believe any of us envision that we would need the whole nine acres.”

Areas where dioxins are removed would be refilled with clean soil from surrounding areas, he said.

He said consolidation areas would have to be maintained and monitored, and a party responsible for that work would have to be determined. Finally, the Redevelopment Agency would need to approve the actions as part of the Polanco Act.

Young noted that deed restrictions would only be needed in certain areas, and that the coastal trail would be restricted from any use but recreational.

Timeline

With the 30-day comment period on the draft remedial action plan starting in March, a final plan could be approved in April. The Department of Toxic Substances Control may be able to extend the comment period if necessary.

Young said implementation of the cleanup could take four to five months, starting in June. He said offsite hauling could take up to two weeks while onsite capping could take as long as three months.

“Consolidation is a fairly common approach on sites,” said Young. “Putting it under a parking lot is also sometimes the selected surface condition. Sometimes it’s a vegetative cover, sometimes it’s a golf course or a basketball court.”

When asked, Young said some buildings could be placed over cap areas, but utilities and foundation work make it difficult not to disturb capped soils.

“You could do just open space, and that would be fine as well,” he said. “Whatever is identified, you would need operation and maintenance to make sure it’s maintained in that condition and that its integrity is intact.”

Bridgette Deshields, an associate with Arcadis BBL, G-P’s environmental consulting firm, said the nine-acre area was identified as the only area on the mill site where consolidation and capping would take place without encountering ground water.

“Closer to the bluff, we have deeper groundwater, but we then have the issue that it’s closer to the bluff,” she said.

She noted that an acre and a half consolidation area could be placed anywhere in the nine-acre area. The proposed area is currently owned by G-P and not a part of the coastal trail acquisition.

In response to a question from Mayor Doug Hammerstrom, she said the area was not chosen because of an estimate that nine acres would be needed to consolidate contaminated soils.

While some confusion was cleared up later about the possible use of the nine-acre area, more questions arose, including the possibility that it might become a dumping area for waste found on the rest of the site.

In response to a question posed by Council member Dave Turner about the durability of the plastic liner, Young said that it could last longer than 50 years if not exposed to sunlight, water and oxygen.

Compacted clay and other low-permeable liners can be used, said Young, but take a foot of depth to install, rather than the thickness of a plastic sheet.

Council member Meg Courtney asked about contaminants yet to be excavated on other areas of the mill site, and whether it’s expected that those would be added to other consolidated soils buried in the nine-acre area.

Young agreed that more investigation will occur, but said no one from DTSC or G-P has proposed to designate the entire nine-acre area for a future consolidation site. However, he said he would expect that will be discussed, depending on the volume of contaminated soils yet to be excavated on the rest of the site.

“It’s too soon to know what the volumes would be in those other areas anyway,” he said. “At this point, it is geared just for OU-A.”

Gjerde said that if a nine-acre area is accepted for that use by the department and the city council, and determined to be the only place capping can occur, it would become a workable option as cleanup continues.

“By default, we have been told tonight, that this is going to be the dumping ground for the entire mill site,” said Gjerde. “So then, do we want to give up nine acres, over time, as essentially, an off-limits dump site?”

Comparing the area to the eight-acre mill pond, Gjerde asked what could cover an area that large.

Saying it probably wouldn’t be suitable for a dog park, or a nine-acre parking lot, Gjerde said he is skeptical of the direction the council and DTSC are going in regard to dealing with dioxin-contaminated soil.

“I think at this point, why don’t we just say, haul it away,'” he said. “You don’t have to be a mind-reader to see what G-P is going to propose. If, in a relatively limited area of the mill site, they are going to save a million dollars by burying it on site, you can bet they’ll want to save multi-millions by burying it all onsite.”

Public Input

Local geologist Skip Wollenberg suggested that the consolidation area be created in such a way that soils could be re-excavated and moved if future monitoring shows contaminant leakage.

Saying the area was the highest land onsite, Wollenberg said it makes good geotechnical and engineering sense to designate the nine acres for consolidation.

“I really endorse the concept of having room set aside for sources outside of OU-A,” he said. “Whether it’s nine acres or whether it’s something smaller, it’s very prudent to have that.”

Back to City Council

Turner asked who would be responsible for maintaining capped areas. Young replied, saying a deed restriction would be placed on the future owner of that land, who would have to negotiate responsibility for it prior to selling it.

“Until it’s sold, it would be G-P’s [responsibility],” said Young.

Turner said an advantage to having the materials on site is one of access, so that cleanup methods, such as mushroom remediation, can be tried.

“One of the challenges of the specific plan process is finding a really great use for this capped area,” said City Manager Ruffing.

The meeting closed after more discussion about Coastal Conservancy deadlines and transporting impacted soils, with a comment by Council member Courtney, who said, “Originally, my preference was to have it stay here, because of my belief that this is one world and we are just taking it and putting it somewhere else, but this is not to mention the pollution [created by 600 to 700 truckloads leaving the area].”

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Policy LU-5.1 Changes in Industrial Land Use: Require that a General Plan amendments and rezoning of lands which are designated Timber Resources Industrial be subject to a specific plan process.

Program LU-5.1.1: In order for General Plan amendments and rezoning of lands designated Timber Resources Industrial be considered, a specific plan shall be prepared which addresses, at a minimum, an area approximating one or more of the subareas as shown on Map LU-4: Specific Plan Area in the Timber Resources Industrial Land Use Designation.

Specific plans shall meet the following minimum criteria:

a) The specific plan shall make provisions for existing and future infrastructure connections such as roads, utilities, and coastal access to surrounding developed and undeveloped areas.

b) The specific plans shall contain financing methods to provide infrastructure and public amenities based on a nexus between development exactions being imposed and the development-induced needs being met by those exactions, establish an orderly phasing of development, and include other measures as needed to protect the health, safety, and well-being of the community.

c) The specific plan, and environmental studies required for that plan, shall be paid for by the applicant who may be repaid by future developers of other portions of the specific plan area on a pro rata basis.

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